This morning I found myself in need of a large set of emails to test a particular set of code. Ideally these emails would be broken out into easily digestible pieces, and it was strictly for my own personal testing so I wasn't concerned with using my own live data for this test (There will probably be another post on this project later on).
fetchmail with good results in the past I decided it was a good
idea to take this opportunity to also backup my Gmail account into the common
Maildir format (which essentially breaks out emails into individual files
meeting my requirements).
The first step was to enable POP access to my account through Gmail's interface. You can accomplish this with the following steps.
- Login to Gmail
- Click on the gear icon
- Choose settings
- Forwarding and POP/IMAP
- Enable POP for all mail
- When messages are accessed with POP… Keep”
- Save Changes.
Ensure you have
procmail installed. For me on Fedora this can
be accomplished using yum by running the following commands:
sudo yum install fetchmail procmail -y
We need to configure fetchmail to let it know where to retrieve our mail from.
This configuration file lives at
$HOME/.fetchmailrc. By default fetchmail
will send all retrieved mail to the local SMTP server over a normal TCP
connection. This isn't necessary or ideal, rather we'll additionally supply a
local mail delivery agent (procmail) to handle processing the mail into the
poll pop.gmail.com protocol pop3 timeout 300 port 995 username "firstname.lastname@example.org" password "yourpassword" keep ssl sslcertck sslproto TLS1 mda "/usr/bin/procmail -m '/home/<username>/.procmailrc'"
Be sure to set the permissions on the
.fetchmailrc file to 0600:
chmod 0600 $HOME/.fetchmailrc
We'll now need to configure procmail to properly deliver our mail to the local
Maildir folder. Procmail's configuration by default lives in
LOGFILE=$HOME/.procmail.log MAILDIR=$HOME VERBOSE=on :0 Maildir/
With that done, simply run the
fetchmail command. In my experience this can
take a while process and it seems like Google limits the number of emails you
can download at a time, so you may need to run the command a couple of times to
get all your emails.